Effects of fastfood on obesity sample research paper

Fast Food and Obesity

It seems that fast food has become a routine matter of life. Whether it is due to the ingredients such as trans-fats or the negative health impact e.g. diabetes or being related to obesity, it is in fact fast food that dominates an individual’s life. Fast food results in consuming more calories than the desired level which normally results in extra weight gain. Environmental factors like eating fast food regularly could increase the undesired risk of obesity. Other major causes of obesity are illnesses, genetics and medications

Fast food is normally high in calories which results in eating too much calories. It can lead to an extra weight gain and ultimately obesity. Research has revealed that people having habit of eating fast food consume more calories as compared with people who are not habitual of eating fast food. People eating fast food, most of the time, also consume extra fat, sodium and saturated fat, while consuming less fruits, milk and vegetables.

Research has also revealed that fast food from large chains have undesirable Trans- fat levels. Trans-fats, in fact, have a major impact on the body and could also contribute to weight gain and consequently obesity, heart disease and diabetes type 2.

Overweight and Obesity

When more calories are consumed by people than they normally burn off, the extra calories such as fats are stored by their bodies. Although a slight increase in body fat is not considered a high health risk, but when people maintain a pattern of consuming more calories than they mostly burn, extra fats ultimately build up in the human body. Eventually the human body reaches a point where the amount of fat in body can have a negative impact on the health of a person. Doctors mostly use the term ‘obese’ or ‘overweight’ to narrate the condition of a person who is in fact at a high risk of developing specific weight-related health complexities.

Effects of Fast Food on Obesity

Obesity seems to run in the history of families. Some individuals have a high genetic tendency to gain extra weight much easier as compared with others as they burn calories at a much slower rate. Since food is available, nowadays, at every time of day, 24/7, in most of the developed nations, an efficient metabolism that one time ensured human survival presently works to human disadvantage.

The extra consumption of fast food by families mostly results in the habits of unhealthy eating, lower access to nourishing and healthy foods specifically at home and a high probability for obesity. Consumers spend billions of dollars on fast food every year which is not a healthy sign. Although, fast food can be an expedient alternative to cooking, particularly for busy families, but a frequent habit of eating fast food and making it a family mean can impact negatively on food choices in homes and the overall health of entire family.

Latest researches have revealed that the type of fat content found in foods like French fries and a burger at the local joint of fast food can make a person one-third fatter as compared with other fats containing similar caloric content. It has generally been theorized that eating trans-fats such as fast foods could ultimately lead to diabetes and obesity. Although, the trans-fats can provoke the pancreas to generate more insulin for the human body, this also makes body more resistant to manage and control the additional amount of this hormone that can cause havoc on blood sugar. It has also been hypothesized by some researchers that trans-fats can alter the actual working of cell membrames; as such they do not show reaction to insulin as they usually would.

Obesity has reached the ultimate epidemic proportions in U.S. It in fact, is an epidemic that has developed step-by-step with the industry of fast food. More than quarter of all children and half of all adults in United States are obese. Simultaneously, fast food has become easier and cheaper to buy. Evidence suggests that the link between fast food and obesity can be traced outside the United States. The culture of fast food in American life style has spread like a wildfire in the world. This phenomenon has been followed by some unwelcome and undesirable side effects; diabetes, heart disease, arthritis and different other illnesses.

People in nations like China and Japan have abandoned conventional healthy diets replaced by fast food, increasing the rates of obesity and as such related diseases have soared. Countries that have resisted culture of fast food-such as Italy, Spain and France- obesity is a not much of a problem. However, the positive aspect is the rising awareness about the side effects and ill consequences of fast food all over the world. Not only in U.S, but all the way through Western Europe, concerns and awareness have started to rise about the massive systems that ultimately produce, market and distribute their food.


It is concluded that fast foods have direct effect on obesity, and as such it is pertinent to oppose the growth of unhealthy and traditional food chains. People should buy food from the outlets selling healthy substitutes. Moreover, a grave need persists that the dilemma should be taken up by the congresspersons to ban every type of advertisements promoting foods that are high in sugar and fat, especially to the children.

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